World Bank says Sub-Saharan Africa to see 3.3% economic contraction on Covid-19 pandemic
....Region to lose at least $115m in output
The economic fallout of the COVID-19 global pandemic, will see growth in Sub-Saharan Africa shed to a -3.3 percent in 2020, pushing the region into its first recession in 25 years, the World Bank said Thursday morning.
In its latest regional economic analysis, Africa’s Pulse: “Charting the Road to Recovery” to be released later today, the World Bank also noted that the pandemic could drive up to 40 million people into extreme poverty in Africa in 2020, erasing at least five years of progress in fighting poverty.
Three major and export driven economies in the SSA, including Nigeria, South Africa and Angola will substantially account for that negative economic fall out.
Nigeria’s real GDP contracted by 6.1 percent year-on-year in the second quarter of 2020—the worst result in more than a decade. South Africa, operating under severe containment measures, saw its real GDP contract by 17.1 percent year-on-year in the second quarter of 2020. Angola, Sub-Saharan Africa’s second largest oil producer after Nigeria, saw its economy contract by 1.8 percent year-on-year in the first quarter of 2020.
The decline in growth has been stronger among metals exporters where real GDP is expected to contract by six percent, partly reflecting the large drop in output in South Africa. Among oil exporters, after expanding by 1.5 percent in 2019, real GDP is projected to fall by more than four percent in 2020, owing to contractions in Angola and Nigeria.
With over a million reported COVID cases across the continent, the Covid-19 pandemic is still not under control in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The World Bank noted that the substantial downturn in economic activity will cost the region at least $115 million in output losses this year. Gross domestic product per capita growth is expected to contract by nearly 6.0 percent, in part caused by lower domestic consumption and investment brought on by containment measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus.
The bank mentioned some governments, notably Senegal and Mauritius, to have acted rapidly to reduce the spread of infections; noting however, that successful containment measures come with a high economic cost, as has been seen across the globe.
“The road to recovery may be long, and it may be steep, but prioritizing policy actions and investments that address the challenge of creating more, better and inclusive jobs will pave the way for a faster, stronger and inclusive recovery for African countries,” Albert Zeufack, World Bank Chief Economist for the Africa regions stated in a mailed statement ahead of the official release of the report.
In contrast, the World Bank sees decline in growth in non-resource-intensive countries, within the year to be moderate, on average.
In several non-resource-intensive countries, including Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, and Kenya, growth is expected to slow substantially, but remain positive, owing to their more diversified economies. Already, tourism-dependent economies, especially those of Cabo Verde, Mauritius and the Seychelles, have experienced a sharp contraction as exceptionally weak international tourism severely impacted the service sector.
“Although the pandemic is not over and the persistence and spread of the virus is uncertain, African governments have started putting in place policies and programs to support an inclusive and sustainable post-pandemic recovery,” Hafez Ghanem, World Bank Vice President for Eastern and Southern Africa, commended.
According to him, “Countries are putting in place policies and programs that help create jobs and accelerate economic transformation to reduce the economic impact of the pandemic now, and build the capabilities needed to ensure inclusive economic growth in the future.”
The World Bank believes that the road to recovery will also require massive investments across countries, as well as financial support from the international community, and recommends a bold reform agenda that includes policies that create fiscal space, along with policies to speed up job creation.
Several countries, including South Africa, Nigeria, and Ethiopia, have already begun implementing long-needed reforms in energy and telecommunications spurred by the current crisis, and 25 percent of African firms have accelerated the use of digital technology and increased investments in digital solutions.
By mid-September, 46 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa had put in place 166 social protection measures —with social assistance representing 84 percent of these measures. Social protection programs have proven to be a critical tool to mitigate the social impact of the pandemic.
“As COVID-19 continues to put substantial pressure on Western and Central African economies, it is important for policymakers to create the infrastructure necessary for rapid recovery,” Ousmane Diagana, World Bank Vice President for Western and Central Africa, noted, adding that “Strong policies create the critical cornerstone for sustained, inclusive recovery and improved resilience to shocks.”
The World Bank Group, one of the largest sources of funding and knowledge for developing countries, is taking broad, fast action to help developing countries strengthen their pandemic response.
The bank is supporting public health interventions, working to ensure the flow of critical supplies and equipment, and helping the private sector continue to operate and sustain jobs.
It also announced its plans to deploy up to $160 billion in financial support over 15 months to help more than 100 countries protect the poor and vulnerable, support businesses, and bolster economic recovery. This includes $50 billion of new International Development Association, IDA resources through grants and highly concessional loans.