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In six charts, how prices of staple food items in Nigeria have fared in four years

A hike or fall in food prices directly affects Nigerians as a whole but particularly troubles the close to 90 million Nigerians living in abject poverty when on the rise. Rising food prices have been the case this year, according to data by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) which puts Nigeria’s food inflation at 16 percent in August 2020, showing a year-on-year increase of 21.5 percent points from 13.17 percent recorded in August 2019.

The food items purchased by Nigerians vary but six regularly purchased items are beans, bread, rice, yam, garri, and tomato.

In August, the NBS reported a jump in prices of all of the above-listed staple food items, except for brown beans which saw a price fall of 0.6 percent.

The selected food price watch is obtained through the collection of prices from over 10,000 respondents across the 774 local governments in Nigerian states, with the average prices for all states taken as the average price for the country.

Beans
The average price of 1kilogram (kg) of brown beans fell to N305 in August 2020 from N307 in August 2019, the lowest in the last four years.

In August 2018, the average price for 1kG of brown beans increased by 10.8 percent as it was sold at N410 from N370 in August 2017.

Brown beans are mostly used to prepare popular Nigerian meals like akara (bean-cake), ewa agonyi, porridge beans, and moi-moi.

The average price of brown beans has been increasing this year since it recorded its lowest price in March at N267/kg.

On a monthly basis, the average price of brown beans in August increased by 1.72 percent from N300 recorded in July 2020.

For the month of August, Ebonyi state in the South-Eastern region had the highest brown beans price/kg of N557.89 while Bauchi in the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N169.26.

A hike or fall in food prices directly affects Nigerians as a whole but particularly troubles the close to 90 million Nigerians living in abject poverty when on the rise. Rising food prices have been the case this year, according to data by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) which puts Nigeria’s food inflation at 16 percent in August 2020, showing a year-on-year increase of 21.5 percent points from 13.17 percent recorded in August 2019. The food items purchased by Nigerians vary but six regularly purchased items are beans, bread, rice, yam, garri, and tomato. In August, the NBS reported a jump in prices of all of the above-listed staple food items, except for brown beans which saw a price fall of 0.6 percent. The selected food price watch is obtained through the collection of prices from over 10,000 respondents across the 774 local governments in Nigerian states, with the average prices for all states taken as the average price for the country. Beans The average price of 1kilogram (kg) of brown beans fell to N305 in August 2020 from N307 in August 2019, the lowest in the last four years. In August 2018, the average price for 1kG of brown beans increased by 10.8 percent as it was sold at N410 from N370 in August 2017. Brown beans are mostly used to prepare popular Nigerian meals like akara (bean-cake), ewa agonyi, porridge beans, and moi-moi. The average price of brown beans has been increasing this year since it recorded its lowest price in March at N267/kg. On a monthly basis, the average price of brown beans in August increased by 1.72 percent from N300 recorded in July 2020. For the month of August, Ebonyi state in the South-Eastern region had the highest brown beans price/kg of N557.89 while Bauchi in the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N169.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Bread When comparing average year-on-year prices of a loaf of sliced bread, the month of August 2020 recorded the highest price in the last four years of N312.74 per loaf. The current average price for a loaf of sliced bread shows an increase of 3.78 percent from its lowest year-on-year price of N301.36 recorded in August 2019 and a 1.83 percent decrease from its price in July 2020. In January 2020, the average price for a loaf of sliced bread was N302 in January and jumped to N320 in June, but took a downward turn in July at N318 naira. In August 2018, a loaf of sliced bread was sold at an average price of N307.9 up from N304 in August 2017. Bread is consumed in almost every Nigerian household and it is eaten in different forms including toast bread, bread and beans, bread and tea, French toast, and so on. For the month of August 2020, Bayelsa State in the South-South region had the highest price for a loaf of sliced bread of N463.64 while the Gombe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N246.67. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Rice The average price for 1kg of local rice rose 37.5 percent y/y in August 2020 to N375 from N272.7 in August 2019, the highest in the last four years. In August 2018, 1kg of local rice was sold at an average price of N280, a drop in the average price of 12.5 percent from N320 in August 2017. The Nigerian government first banned rice importation from Benin Republic in 2004 and then from all its neighbours in 2016 to not only raise revenue but also improve the production of local rice. This move was further tightened in October 2019 through the land border closure to curb the activities of smugglers who had been taking advantage of this medium. Rice is consumed in every household in Nigeria and used in all events and celebrations across the country. Between the month of July and August 2020, the average price of local rice increased by 3.34 percent as local rice was sold at an average price of N362.97 in July. Bayelsa state had the highest local rice price/kg in August 2020 of N559.97 while Sokoto in the North-Western part of Nigeria had the lowest price of N254.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Yam In August 2020, the average price of a tuber of yam was N256.05, an increase of 34.7 percent from its price of N190 for the same period in 2019. The average price of a tuber of yam was N343 in August 2017 and it fell by 14.7 percent in August 2018 to N292. On a m/m basis, the average price of yam fell by 0.15 percent between July and August 2020 as a tuber of yam was sold in July at N256.43. Bayelsa state had the highest price for a tuber of yam of N510.18 in August 2020, while Yobe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price/tuber of N131.54. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Garri The average price to pay for a kilogram of white garri in Nigeria increased by 45.7 percent in August 2020 as the price moved to N224.53 from N154.1 in August 2019. In August 2018, the average price of 1kg of white garri fell by 35.9 percent to N198 from the high of N310/kg seen in August 2017. Garri in Nigeria is made from cassava and is either consumed as soaked garri or consumed a swallow meal. In July 2020, the average price of 1kg of white garri was N222.5, showing that in August 2020 average price increase by 0.92 percent. For August 2020, the price of white garri was the highest in Bayelsa state at N360.8 while Ondo state in the South-Western region had the lowest price of N158.32. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Tomato 1kg of tomatoes was sold at an average price of N289.86 in August 2020, showing a 29.48 increase from its price of N223.9 in August 2019. A look at the prices for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2017 and August 2018 showed that the average price for the period in 2018 fell 21.9 percent to N336.7 from N431 in 2017 for the same period. Tomatoes play significant roles in the meals of most Nigerians as it can be used to make stew, soups, sauce, salad, and even consumed as a fruit. Compared to the month of July 2020, the average price for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2020 fell by 4.65 percent from July’s N304/kg. Rivers state of the South-South region had the highest August 2020 tomato price/kg of N531.15, while Bauchi of the North-Eastern part of Nigeria had the lowest tomato price/kg of N130.33. Source: NBS, BusinessDay

Source: NBS, BusinessDay

Bread
When comparing average year-on-year prices of a loaf of sliced bread, the month of August 2020 recorded the highest price in the last four years of N312.74 per loaf.

The current average price for a loaf of sliced bread shows an increase of 3.78 percent from its lowest year-on-year price of N301.36 recorded in August 2019 and a 1.83 percent decrease from its price in July 2020.

In January 2020, the average price for a loaf of sliced bread was N302 in January and jumped to N320 in June, but took a downward turn in July at N318 naira.

In August 2018, a loaf of sliced bread was sold at an average price of N307.9 up from N304 in August 2017.

Bread is consumed in almost every Nigerian household and it is eaten in different forms including toast bread, bread and beans, bread and tea, French toast, and so on.

For the month of August 2020, Bayelsa State in the South-South region had the highest price for a loaf of sliced bread of N463.64 while the Gombe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N246.67.

A hike or fall in food prices directly affects Nigerians as a whole but particularly troubles the close to 90 million Nigerians living in abject poverty when on the rise. Rising food prices have been the case this year, according to data by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) which puts Nigeria’s food inflation at 16 percent in August 2020, showing a year-on-year increase of 21.5 percent points from 13.17 percent recorded in August 2019. The food items purchased by Nigerians vary but six regularly purchased items are beans, bread, rice, yam, garri, and tomato. In August, the NBS reported a jump in prices of all of the above-listed staple food items, except for brown beans which saw a price fall of 0.6 percent. The selected food price watch is obtained through the collection of prices from over 10,000 respondents across the 774 local governments in Nigerian states, with the average prices for all states taken as the average price for the country. Beans The average price of 1kilogram (kg) of brown beans fell to N305 in August 2020 from N307 in August 2019, the lowest in the last four years. In August 2018, the average price for 1kG of brown beans increased by 10.8 percent as it was sold at N410 from N370 in August 2017. Brown beans are mostly used to prepare popular Nigerian meals like akara (bean-cake), ewa agonyi, porridge beans, and moi-moi. The average price of brown beans has been increasing this year since it recorded its lowest price in March at N267/kg. On a monthly basis, the average price of brown beans in August increased by 1.72 percent from N300 recorded in July 2020. For the month of August, Ebonyi state in the South-Eastern region had the highest brown beans price/kg of N557.89 while Bauchi in the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N169.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Bread When comparing average year-on-year prices of a loaf of sliced bread, the month of August 2020 recorded the highest price in the last four years of N312.74 per loaf. The current average price for a loaf of sliced bread shows an increase of 3.78 percent from its lowest year-on-year price of N301.36 recorded in August 2019 and a 1.83 percent decrease from its price in July 2020. In January 2020, the average price for a loaf of sliced bread was N302 in January and jumped to N320 in June, but took a downward turn in July at N318 naira. In August 2018, a loaf of sliced bread was sold at an average price of N307.9 up from N304 in August 2017. Bread is consumed in almost every Nigerian household and it is eaten in different forms including toast bread, bread and beans, bread and tea, French toast, and so on. For the month of August 2020, Bayelsa State in the South-South region had the highest price for a loaf of sliced bread of N463.64 while the Gombe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N246.67. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Rice The average price for 1kg of local rice rose 37.5 percent y/y in August 2020 to N375 from N272.7 in August 2019, the highest in the last four years. In August 2018, 1kg of local rice was sold at an average price of N280, a drop in the average price of 12.5 percent from N320 in August 2017. The Nigerian government first banned rice importation from Benin Republic in 2004 and then from all its neighbours in 2016 to not only raise revenue but also improve the production of local rice. This move was further tightened in October 2019 through the land border closure to curb the activities of smugglers who had been taking advantage of this medium. Rice is consumed in every household in Nigeria and used in all events and celebrations across the country. Between the month of July and August 2020, the average price of local rice increased by 3.34 percent as local rice was sold at an average price of N362.97 in July. Bayelsa state had the highest local rice price/kg in August 2020 of N559.97 while Sokoto in the North-Western part of Nigeria had the lowest price of N254.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Yam In August 2020, the average price of a tuber of yam was N256.05, an increase of 34.7 percent from its price of N190 for the same period in 2019. The average price of a tuber of yam was N343 in August 2017 and it fell by 14.7 percent in August 2018 to N292. On a m/m basis, the average price of yam fell by 0.15 percent between July and August 2020 as a tuber of yam was sold in July at N256.43. Bayelsa state had the highest price for a tuber of yam of N510.18 in August 2020, while Yobe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price/tuber of N131.54. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Garri The average price to pay for a kilogram of white garri in Nigeria increased by 45.7 percent in August 2020 as the price moved to N224.53 from N154.1 in August 2019. In August 2018, the average price of 1kg of white garri fell by 35.9 percent to N198 from the high of N310/kg seen in August 2017. Garri in Nigeria is made from cassava and is either consumed as soaked garri or consumed a swallow meal. In July 2020, the average price of 1kg of white garri was N222.5, showing that in August 2020 average price increase by 0.92 percent. For August 2020, the price of white garri was the highest in Bayelsa state at N360.8 while Ondo state in the South-Western region had the lowest price of N158.32. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Tomato 1kg of tomatoes was sold at an average price of N289.86 in August 2020, showing a 29.48 increase from its price of N223.9 in August 2019. A look at the prices for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2017 and August 2018 showed that the average price for the period in 2018 fell 21.9 percent to N336.7 from N431 in 2017 for the same period. Tomatoes play significant roles in the meals of most Nigerians as it can be used to make stew, soups, sauce, salad, and even consumed as a fruit. Compared to the month of July 2020, the average price for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2020 fell by 4.65 percent from July’s N304/kg. Rivers state of the South-South region had the highest August 2020 tomato price/kg of N531.15, while Bauchi of the North-Eastern part of Nigeria had the lowest tomato price/kg of N130.33. Source: NBS, BusinessDay

Source: NBS, BusinessDay

 

Rice
The average price for 1kg of local rice rose 37.5 percent y/y in August 2020 to N375 from N272.7 in August 2019, the highest in the last four years.

In August 2018, 1kg of local rice was sold at an average price of N280, a drop in the average price of 12.5 percent from N320 in August 2017.

The Nigerian government first banned rice importation from Benin Republic in 2004 and then from all its neighbours in 2016 to not only raise revenue but also improve the production of local rice.

This move was further tightened in October 2019 through the land border closure to curb the activities of smugglers who had been taking advantage of this medium.

Rice is consumed in every household in Nigeria and used in all events and celebrations across the country.

Between the month of July and August 2020, the average price of local rice increased by 3.34 percent as local rice was sold at an average price of N362.97 in July.

Bayelsa state had the highest local rice price/kg in August 2020 of N559.97 while Sokoto in the North-Western part of Nigeria had the lowest price of N254.26.

A hike or fall in food prices directly affects Nigerians as a whole but particularly troubles the close to 90 million Nigerians living in abject poverty when on the rise. Rising food prices have been the case this year, according to data by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) which puts Nigeria’s food inflation at 16 percent in August 2020, showing a year-on-year increase of 21.5 percent points from 13.17 percent recorded in August 2019. The food items purchased by Nigerians vary but six regularly purchased items are beans, bread, rice, yam, garri, and tomato. In August, the NBS reported a jump in prices of all of the above-listed staple food items, except for brown beans which saw a price fall of 0.6 percent. The selected food price watch is obtained through the collection of prices from over 10,000 respondents across the 774 local governments in Nigerian states, with the average prices for all states taken as the average price for the country. Beans The average price of 1kilogram (kg) of brown beans fell to N305 in August 2020 from N307 in August 2019, the lowest in the last four years. In August 2018, the average price for 1kG of brown beans increased by 10.8 percent as it was sold at N410 from N370 in August 2017. Brown beans are mostly used to prepare popular Nigerian meals like akara (bean-cake), ewa agonyi, porridge beans, and moi-moi. The average price of brown beans has been increasing this year since it recorded its lowest price in March at N267/kg. On a monthly basis, the average price of brown beans in August increased by 1.72 percent from N300 recorded in July 2020. For the month of August, Ebonyi state in the South-Eastern region had the highest brown beans price/kg of N557.89 while Bauchi in the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N169.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Bread When comparing average year-on-year prices of a loaf of sliced bread, the month of August 2020 recorded the highest price in the last four years of N312.74 per loaf. The current average price for a loaf of sliced bread shows an increase of 3.78 percent from its lowest year-on-year price of N301.36 recorded in August 2019 and a 1.83 percent decrease from its price in July 2020. In January 2020, the average price for a loaf of sliced bread was N302 in January and jumped to N320 in June, but took a downward turn in July at N318 naira. In August 2018, a loaf of sliced bread was sold at an average price of N307.9 up from N304 in August 2017. Bread is consumed in almost every Nigerian household and it is eaten in different forms including toast bread, bread and beans, bread and tea, French toast, and so on. For the month of August 2020, Bayelsa State in the South-South region had the highest price for a loaf of sliced bread of N463.64 while the Gombe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N246.67. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Rice The average price for 1kg of local rice rose 37.5 percent y/y in August 2020 to N375 from N272.7 in August 2019, the highest in the last four years. In August 2018, 1kg of local rice was sold at an average price of N280, a drop in the average price of 12.5 percent from N320 in August 2017. The Nigerian government first banned rice importation from Benin Republic in 2004 and then from all its neighbours in 2016 to not only raise revenue but also improve the production of local rice. This move was further tightened in October 2019 through the land border closure to curb the activities of smugglers who had been taking advantage of this medium. Rice is consumed in every household in Nigeria and used in all events and celebrations across the country. Between the month of July and August 2020, the average price of local rice increased by 3.34 percent as local rice was sold at an average price of N362.97 in July. Bayelsa state had the highest local rice price/kg in August 2020 of N559.97 while Sokoto in the North-Western part of Nigeria had the lowest price of N254.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Yam In August 2020, the average price of a tuber of yam was N256.05, an increase of 34.7 percent from its price of N190 for the same period in 2019. The average price of a tuber of yam was N343 in August 2017 and it fell by 14.7 percent in August 2018 to N292. On a m/m basis, the average price of yam fell by 0.15 percent between July and August 2020 as a tuber of yam was sold in July at N256.43. Bayelsa state had the highest price for a tuber of yam of N510.18 in August 2020, while Yobe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price/tuber of N131.54. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Garri The average price to pay for a kilogram of white garri in Nigeria increased by 45.7 percent in August 2020 as the price moved to N224.53 from N154.1 in August 2019. In August 2018, the average price of 1kg of white garri fell by 35.9 percent to N198 from the high of N310/kg seen in August 2017. Garri in Nigeria is made from cassava and is either consumed as soaked garri or consumed a swallow meal. In July 2020, the average price of 1kg of white garri was N222.5, showing that in August 2020 average price increase by 0.92 percent. For August 2020, the price of white garri was the highest in Bayelsa state at N360.8 while Ondo state in the South-Western region had the lowest price of N158.32. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Tomato 1kg of tomatoes was sold at an average price of N289.86 in August 2020, showing a 29.48 increase from its price of N223.9 in August 2019. A look at the prices for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2017 and August 2018 showed that the average price for the period in 2018 fell 21.9 percent to N336.7 from N431 in 2017 for the same period. Tomatoes play significant roles in the meals of most Nigerians as it can be used to make stew, soups, sauce, salad, and even consumed as a fruit. Compared to the month of July 2020, the average price for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2020 fell by 4.65 percent from July’s N304/kg. Rivers state of the South-South region had the highest August 2020 tomato price/kg of N531.15, while Bauchi of the North-Eastern part of Nigeria had the lowest tomato price/kg of N130.33. Source: NBS, BusinessDay

 

Source: NBS, BusinessDay

 

Yam
In August 2020, the average price of a tuber of yam was N256.05, an increase of 34.7 percent from its price of N190 for the same period in 2019.

The average price of a tuber of yam was N343 in August 2017 and it fell by 14.7 percent in August 2018 to N292.

On a m/m basis, the average price of yam fell by 0.15 percent between July and August 2020 as a tuber of yam was sold in July at N256.43.

Bayelsa state had the highest price for a tuber of yam of N510.18 in August 2020, while Yobe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price/tuber of N131.54.

A hike or fall in food prices directly affects Nigerians as a whole but particularly troubles the close to 90 million Nigerians living in abject poverty when on the rise. Rising food prices have been the case this year, according to data by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) which puts Nigeria’s food inflation at 16 percent in August 2020, showing a year-on-year increase of 21.5 percent points from 13.17 percent recorded in August 2019. The food items purchased by Nigerians vary but six regularly purchased items are beans, bread, rice, yam, garri, and tomato. In August, the NBS reported a jump in prices of all of the above-listed staple food items, except for brown beans which saw a price fall of 0.6 percent. The selected food price watch is obtained through the collection of prices from over 10,000 respondents across the 774 local governments in Nigerian states, with the average prices for all states taken as the average price for the country. Beans The average price of 1kilogram (kg) of brown beans fell to N305 in August 2020 from N307 in August 2019, the lowest in the last four years. In August 2018, the average price for 1kG of brown beans increased by 10.8 percent as it was sold at N410 from N370 in August 2017. Brown beans are mostly used to prepare popular Nigerian meals like akara (bean-cake), ewa agonyi, porridge beans, and moi-moi. The average price of brown beans has been increasing this year since it recorded its lowest price in March at N267/kg. On a monthly basis, the average price of brown beans in August increased by 1.72 percent from N300 recorded in July 2020. For the month of August, Ebonyi state in the South-Eastern region had the highest brown beans price/kg of N557.89 while Bauchi in the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N169.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Bread When comparing average year-on-year prices of a loaf of sliced bread, the month of August 2020 recorded the highest price in the last four years of N312.74 per loaf. The current average price for a loaf of sliced bread shows an increase of 3.78 percent from its lowest year-on-year price of N301.36 recorded in August 2019 and a 1.83 percent decrease from its price in July 2020. In January 2020, the average price for a loaf of sliced bread was N302 in January and jumped to N320 in June, but took a downward turn in July at N318 naira. In August 2018, a loaf of sliced bread was sold at an average price of N307.9 up from N304 in August 2017. Bread is consumed in almost every Nigerian household and it is eaten in different forms including toast bread, bread and beans, bread and tea, French toast, and so on. For the month of August 2020, Bayelsa State in the South-South region had the highest price for a loaf of sliced bread of N463.64 while the Gombe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N246.67. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Rice The average price for 1kg of local rice rose 37.5 percent y/y in August 2020 to N375 from N272.7 in August 2019, the highest in the last four years. In August 2018, 1kg of local rice was sold at an average price of N280, a drop in the average price of 12.5 percent from N320 in August 2017. The Nigerian government first banned rice importation from Benin Republic in 2004 and then from all its neighbours in 2016 to not only raise revenue but also improve the production of local rice. This move was further tightened in October 2019 through the land border closure to curb the activities of smugglers who had been taking advantage of this medium. Rice is consumed in every household in Nigeria and used in all events and celebrations across the country. Between the month of July and August 2020, the average price of local rice increased by 3.34 percent as local rice was sold at an average price of N362.97 in July. Bayelsa state had the highest local rice price/kg in August 2020 of N559.97 while Sokoto in the North-Western part of Nigeria had the lowest price of N254.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Yam In August 2020, the average price of a tuber of yam was N256.05, an increase of 34.7 percent from its price of N190 for the same period in 2019. The average price of a tuber of yam was N343 in August 2017 and it fell by 14.7 percent in August 2018 to N292. On a m/m basis, the average price of yam fell by 0.15 percent between July and August 2020 as a tuber of yam was sold in July at N256.43. Bayelsa state had the highest price for a tuber of yam of N510.18 in August 2020, while Yobe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price/tuber of N131.54. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Garri The average price to pay for a kilogram of white garri in Nigeria increased by 45.7 percent in August 2020 as the price moved to N224.53 from N154.1 in August 2019. In August 2018, the average price of 1kg of white garri fell by 35.9 percent to N198 from the high of N310/kg seen in August 2017. Garri in Nigeria is made from cassava and is either consumed as soaked garri or consumed a swallow meal. In July 2020, the average price of 1kg of white garri was N222.5, showing that in August 2020 average price increase by 0.92 percent. For August 2020, the price of white garri was the highest in Bayelsa state at N360.8 while Ondo state in the South-Western region had the lowest price of N158.32. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Tomato 1kg of tomatoes was sold at an average price of N289.86 in August 2020, showing a 29.48 increase from its price of N223.9 in August 2019. A look at the prices for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2017 and August 2018 showed that the average price for the period in 2018 fell 21.9 percent to N336.7 from N431 in 2017 for the same period. Tomatoes play significant roles in the meals of most Nigerians as it can be used to make stew, soups, sauce, salad, and even consumed as a fruit. Compared to the month of July 2020, the average price for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2020 fell by 4.65 percent from July’s N304/kg. Rivers state of the South-South region had the highest August 2020 tomato price/kg of N531.15, while Bauchi of the North-Eastern part of Nigeria had the lowest tomato price/kg of N130.33. Source: NBS, BusinessDay

 

Source: NBS, BusinessDay

 

Garri
The average price to pay for a kilogram of white garri in Nigeria increased by 45.7 percent in August 2020 as the price moved to N224.53 from N154.1 in August 2019.

In August 2018, the average price of 1kg of white garri fell by 35.9 percent to N198 from the high of N310/kg seen in August 2017.

Garri in Nigeria is made from cassava and is either consumed as soaked garri or consumed a swallow meal.
In July 2020, the average price of 1kg of white garri was N222.5, showing that in August 2020 average price increase by 0.92 percent.

For August 2020, the price of white garri was the highest in Bayelsa state at N360.8 while Ondo state in the South-Western region had the lowest price of N158.32.

A hike or fall in food prices directly affects Nigerians as a whole but particularly troubles the close to 90 million Nigerians living in abject poverty when on the rise. Rising food prices have been the case this year, according to data by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) which puts Nigeria’s food inflation at 16 percent in August 2020, showing a year-on-year increase of 21.5 percent points from 13.17 percent recorded in August 2019. The food items purchased by Nigerians vary but six regularly purchased items are beans, bread, rice, yam, garri, and tomato. In August, the NBS reported a jump in prices of all of the above-listed staple food items, except for brown beans which saw a price fall of 0.6 percent. The selected food price watch is obtained through the collection of prices from over 10,000 respondents across the 774 local governments in Nigerian states, with the average prices for all states taken as the average price for the country. Beans The average price of 1kilogram (kg) of brown beans fell to N305 in August 2020 from N307 in August 2019, the lowest in the last four years. In August 2018, the average price for 1kG of brown beans increased by 10.8 percent as it was sold at N410 from N370 in August 2017. Brown beans are mostly used to prepare popular Nigerian meals like akara (bean-cake), ewa agonyi, porridge beans, and moi-moi. The average price of brown beans has been increasing this year since it recorded its lowest price in March at N267/kg. On a monthly basis, the average price of brown beans in August increased by 1.72 percent from N300 recorded in July 2020. For the month of August, Ebonyi state in the South-Eastern region had the highest brown beans price/kg of N557.89 while Bauchi in the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N169.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Bread When comparing average year-on-year prices of a loaf of sliced bread, the month of August 2020 recorded the highest price in the last four years of N312.74 per loaf. The current average price for a loaf of sliced bread shows an increase of 3.78 percent from its lowest year-on-year price of N301.36 recorded in August 2019 and a 1.83 percent decrease from its price in July 2020. In January 2020, the average price for a loaf of sliced bread was N302 in January and jumped to N320 in June, but took a downward turn in July at N318 naira. In August 2018, a loaf of sliced bread was sold at an average price of N307.9 up from N304 in August 2017. Bread is consumed in almost every Nigerian household and it is eaten in different forms including toast bread, bread and beans, bread and tea, French toast, and so on. For the month of August 2020, Bayelsa State in the South-South region had the highest price for a loaf of sliced bread of N463.64 while the Gombe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N246.67. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Rice The average price for 1kg of local rice rose 37.5 percent y/y in August 2020 to N375 from N272.7 in August 2019, the highest in the last four years. In August 2018, 1kg of local rice was sold at an average price of N280, a drop in the average price of 12.5 percent from N320 in August 2017. The Nigerian government first banned rice importation from Benin Republic in 2004 and then from all its neighbours in 2016 to not only raise revenue but also improve the production of local rice. This move was further tightened in October 2019 through the land border closure to curb the activities of smugglers who had been taking advantage of this medium. Rice is consumed in every household in Nigeria and used in all events and celebrations across the country. Between the month of July and August 2020, the average price of local rice increased by 3.34 percent as local rice was sold at an average price of N362.97 in July. Bayelsa state had the highest local rice price/kg in August 2020 of N559.97 while Sokoto in the North-Western part of Nigeria had the lowest price of N254.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Yam In August 2020, the average price of a tuber of yam was N256.05, an increase of 34.7 percent from its price of N190 for the same period in 2019. The average price of a tuber of yam was N343 in August 2017 and it fell by 14.7 percent in August 2018 to N292. On a m/m basis, the average price of yam fell by 0.15 percent between July and August 2020 as a tuber of yam was sold in July at N256.43. Bayelsa state had the highest price for a tuber of yam of N510.18 in August 2020, while Yobe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price/tuber of N131.54. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Garri The average price to pay for a kilogram of white garri in Nigeria increased by 45.7 percent in August 2020 as the price moved to N224.53 from N154.1 in August 2019. In August 2018, the average price of 1kg of white garri fell by 35.9 percent to N198 from the high of N310/kg seen in August 2017. Garri in Nigeria is made from cassava and is either consumed as soaked garri or consumed a swallow meal. In July 2020, the average price of 1kg of white garri was N222.5, showing that in August 2020 average price increase by 0.92 percent. For August 2020, the price of white garri was the highest in Bayelsa state at N360.8 while Ondo state in the South-Western region had the lowest price of N158.32. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Tomato 1kg of tomatoes was sold at an average price of N289.86 in August 2020, showing a 29.48 increase from its price of N223.9 in August 2019. A look at the prices for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2017 and August 2018 showed that the average price for the period in 2018 fell 21.9 percent to N336.7 from N431 in 2017 for the same period. Tomatoes play significant roles in the meals of most Nigerians as it can be used to make stew, soups, sauce, salad, and even consumed as a fruit. Compared to the month of July 2020, the average price for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2020 fell by 4.65 percent from July’s N304/kg. Rivers state of the South-South region had the highest August 2020 tomato price/kg of N531.15, while Bauchi of the North-Eastern part of Nigeria had the lowest tomato price/kg of N130.33. Source: NBS, BusinessDay

 

Source: NBS, BusinessDay

 

Tomato
1kg of tomatoes was sold at an average price of N289.86 in August 2020, showing a 29.48 increase from its price of N223.9 in August 2019.

A look at the prices for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2017 and August 2018 showed that the average price for the period in 2018 fell 21.9 percent to N336.7 from N431 in 2017 for the same period.

Tomatoes play significant roles in the meals of most Nigerians as it can be used to make stew, soups, sauce, salad, and even consumed as a fruit.

Compared to the month of July 2020, the average price for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2020 fell by 4.65 percent from July’s N304/kg.

Rivers state of the South-South region had the highest August 2020 tomato price/kg of N531.15, while Bauchi of the North-Eastern part of Nigeria had the lowest tomato price/kg of N130.33.

A hike or fall in food prices directly affects Nigerians as a whole but particularly troubles the close to 90 million Nigerians living in abject poverty when on the rise. Rising food prices have been the case this year, according to data by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) which puts Nigeria’s food inflation at 16 percent in August 2020, showing a year-on-year increase of 21.5 percent points from 13.17 percent recorded in August 2019. The food items purchased by Nigerians vary but six regularly purchased items are beans, bread, rice, yam, garri, and tomato. In August, the NBS reported a jump in prices of all of the above-listed staple food items, except for brown beans which saw a price fall of 0.6 percent. The selected food price watch is obtained through the collection of prices from over 10,000 respondents across the 774 local governments in Nigerian states, with the average prices for all states taken as the average price for the country. Beans The average price of 1kilogram (kg) of brown beans fell to N305 in August 2020 from N307 in August 2019, the lowest in the last four years. In August 2018, the average price for 1kG of brown beans increased by 10.8 percent as it was sold at N410 from N370 in August 2017. Brown beans are mostly used to prepare popular Nigerian meals like akara (bean-cake), ewa agonyi, porridge beans, and moi-moi. The average price of brown beans has been increasing this year since it recorded its lowest price in March at N267/kg. On a monthly basis, the average price of brown beans in August increased by 1.72 percent from N300 recorded in July 2020. For the month of August, Ebonyi state in the South-Eastern region had the highest brown beans price/kg of N557.89 while Bauchi in the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N169.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Bread When comparing average year-on-year prices of a loaf of sliced bread, the month of August 2020 recorded the highest price in the last four years of N312.74 per loaf. The current average price for a loaf of sliced bread shows an increase of 3.78 percent from its lowest year-on-year price of N301.36 recorded in August 2019 and a 1.83 percent decrease from its price in July 2020. In January 2020, the average price for a loaf of sliced bread was N302 in January and jumped to N320 in June, but took a downward turn in July at N318 naira. In August 2018, a loaf of sliced bread was sold at an average price of N307.9 up from N304 in August 2017. Bread is consumed in almost every Nigerian household and it is eaten in different forms including toast bread, bread and beans, bread and tea, French toast, and so on. For the month of August 2020, Bayelsa State in the South-South region had the highest price for a loaf of sliced bread of N463.64 while the Gombe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price of N246.67. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Rice The average price for 1kg of local rice rose 37.5 percent y/y in August 2020 to N375 from N272.7 in August 2019, the highest in the last four years. In August 2018, 1kg of local rice was sold at an average price of N280, a drop in the average price of 12.5 percent from N320 in August 2017. The Nigerian government first banned rice importation from Benin Republic in 2004 and then from all its neighbours in 2016 to not only raise revenue but also improve the production of local rice. This move was further tightened in October 2019 through the land border closure to curb the activities of smugglers who had been taking advantage of this medium. Rice is consumed in every household in Nigeria and used in all events and celebrations across the country. Between the month of July and August 2020, the average price of local rice increased by 3.34 percent as local rice was sold at an average price of N362.97 in July. Bayelsa state had the highest local rice price/kg in August 2020 of N559.97 while Sokoto in the North-Western part of Nigeria had the lowest price of N254.26. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Yam In August 2020, the average price of a tuber of yam was N256.05, an increase of 34.7 percent from its price of N190 for the same period in 2019. The average price of a tuber of yam was N343 in August 2017 and it fell by 14.7 percent in August 2018 to N292. On a m/m basis, the average price of yam fell by 0.15 percent between July and August 2020 as a tuber of yam was sold in July at N256.43. Bayelsa state had the highest price for a tuber of yam of N510.18 in August 2020, while Yobe state of the North-Eastern region had the lowest price/tuber of N131.54. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Garri The average price to pay for a kilogram of white garri in Nigeria increased by 45.7 percent in August 2020 as the price moved to N224.53 from N154.1 in August 2019. In August 2018, the average price of 1kg of white garri fell by 35.9 percent to N198 from the high of N310/kg seen in August 2017. Garri in Nigeria is made from cassava and is either consumed as soaked garri or consumed a swallow meal. In July 2020, the average price of 1kg of white garri was N222.5, showing that in August 2020 average price increase by 0.92 percent. For August 2020, the price of white garri was the highest in Bayelsa state at N360.8 while Ondo state in the South-Western region had the lowest price of N158.32. Source: NBS, BusinessDay Tomato 1kg of tomatoes was sold at an average price of N289.86 in August 2020, showing a 29.48 increase from its price of N223.9 in August 2019. A look at the prices for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2017 and August 2018 showed that the average price for the period in 2018 fell 21.9 percent to N336.7 from N431 in 2017 for the same period. Tomatoes play significant roles in the meals of most Nigerians as it can be used to make stew, soups, sauce, salad, and even consumed as a fruit. Compared to the month of July 2020, the average price for 1kg of tomatoes in August 2020 fell by 4.65 percent from July’s N304/kg. Rivers state of the South-South region had the highest August 2020 tomato price/kg of N531.15, while Bauchi of the North-Eastern part of Nigeria had the lowest tomato price/kg of N130.33. Source: NBS, BusinessDay

 

Source: NBS, BusinessDay

 

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