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Top 10 largest economies by GDP in 2024

Top 10 largest economies by GDP in 2024

In 2024, the largest economies globally include the United States, China, Japan, Germany, and India, based on their GDP data. GDP is a crucial metric for evaluating a nation’s economic size.

The traditional method for measuring GDP is through the expenditure approach, which involves summing up spending on new consumer goods, investments, government expenditures, and the net value of exports.

These top 10 largest economies contribute significantly to the global landscape, showcasing diverse strengths. Beyond rankings, a comprehensive assessment should include factors like innovation, sustainability, and inclusivity.

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These nations play pivotal roles in shaping the future of the global economy amid challenges and opportunities.

According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), here are the top 10 largest economies by GDP in 2024:

United States of America (U.S.A)

Topping the list is the United States, with a GDP of 27,974 billion USD. The U.S.A. continues to be a global economic leader, driven by its diverse and innovative industries, including technology, finance, and manufacturing.

With a GDP per capita of 83.06 thousand USD, the country reflects not only economic strength but also a high standard of living for its citizens.


China with a formidable GDP of 18,566 billion USD, secures the second spot. As the world’s most populous country, China’s economic growth is propelled by its manufacturing sector, technological advancements, and a burgeoning consumer market.

Although its GDP per capita of 13.16 thousand USD is lower compared to some developed nations, China’s rapid economic expansion is reshaping the global economic order.


Germany with a GDP of 4,730 billion USD, claims the third position. Known for its robust manufacturing sector, Germany is an economic powerhouse within the European Union.

The country’s GDP per capita of 56.04 thousand USD reflects a strong economy and a high standard of living for its citizens.


Japan, with a GDP of 4,291 billion USD, secures the fourth spot. Despite facing demographic challenges and recession, Japan remains a technological and industrial hub.

The nation’s GDP per capita of 34.55 thousand USD highlights its ability to maintain economic strength and innovation.

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India, with a GDP of 4,112 billion USD, is the fifth-largest economy. The country’s youthful population and rapidly expanding service sector contribute to its economic growth.

However, with a GDP per capita of 2.85 thousand USD, India faces challenges in ensuring widespread prosperity.

United Kingdom (U.K.)

The United Kingdom ranks sixth with a GDP of 3,592 billion USD. Despite uncertainties surrounding Brexit, and facing recession, the U.K. maintains a strong financial sector and diverse industries.

The GDP per capita of 52.43 thousand USD reflects the country’s economic resilience.


France, with a GDP of 3,182 billion USD, claims the seventh position. The nation is known for its rich cultural heritage and a well-balanced economy.

With a GDP per capita of 48.22 thousand USD indicates a high standard of living for the French population.


Italy secures the eighth spot with a GDP of 2,280 billion USD. Known for its contributions to art, fashion, and design, Italy’s economy is diverse.

The GDP per capita of 38.93 thousand USD signifies a solid economic foundation.


Brazil, with a GDP of 2,272 billion USD, ranks ninth. As a major player in South America, Brazil’s economy is driven by agriculture, mining, and a growing industrial sector.

However, a GDP per capita of 11.03 thousand USD highlights the need for inclusive economic development.

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Closing the list is Canada, with a GDP of 2,242 billion USD. The nation’s economy is characterized by natural resources, a strong service sector, and a high standard of living, as indicated by a GDP per capita of 55.53 thousand USD.