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Lessons for Nigeria as India railways targets zero emissions by 2030

India’s railways ministry says it is setting ambitious palns to achieve zero emissions by 2030, and that is 10 years from now due to Indian Railways’ (IR) extensive environmental initiatives. This follows the news that the entity is on target to complete electrification of its entire 67,368km network by 2023.

This is coming on the successful electrification of around 40,000km of line since work began in 2014, including 63 percent of broad gauge lines.

Electrified routes include the country’s Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC) project, which is expected to radically increase the efficiency of freight shipping. The project features the world’s first operation of double-stack intermodal trains under overhead catenary, which began on the Western DFC on June 10.

Read also: CAN urges federal government to rehabilitate eastern railway to boost commerce

Indian Railways will also continue expanding its use of solar panels, ensuring that its newly electrified network has a guaranteed supply of renewable energy. Solar panel systems with a nominal power of 100MWP have been installed on the roofs of railway buildings including 900 stations.

Plans for a further 400MWP of solar panels are in the process of being rolled out, with tenders for 60 percent of these already granted. Installation of the new systems is expected by December 2022.

IR also plans to construct additional ground- based solar facilities on unused railway-owned land, including a 50MWP plant in Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, scheduled for completion in March 2021, and a 2MWP plant expected for completion in August this year.

Other steps already taken include the replacement of all station lighting with energyefficient LEDS, completed in March 2018, the fitting of biotoilets in 69,000 coaches, and improvements to the energy efficiency of locomotives, trains and rail infrastructure.

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