Big businesses like Google, Facebook, and Amazon control the Web2, the modern
internet. These businesses manage our data, choose the information we view, and earn
handsomely from our internet activities. But a new idea known as Web3 is taking shape.
What is Web3?
The term ‘Web3’ describes a decentralized internet based on Ethereum blockchain
technology. Web3 gives users more ownership and control over their data and online
experiences than Web2’s centralized infrastructure.
Imagine a society in which you own the platforms you use to communicate, are the
owner of your data, and are involved in the management of the online groups to which
you belong. That’s what Web3 promises to do.
How Ethereum Makes Web3 Possible
Ethereum is the cornerstone of Web3 due to a number of important factors:
• Decentralization: Because Ethereum is run on a distributed network of machines, it
does not require centralized servers or authority. Thus, it is impervious to censorship
• Smart contracts: These little pieces of self-executing code allow users to make
transparent and safe agreements without the need for middlemen.
• Tokens: The Ethereum blockchain allows for the creation and trading of digital assets
that signify ownership or value. These tokens can be used for a number of things, like
representing ownership of real-world assets or powering decentralized applications
Examples of Web3 in Action
Decentralized finance (DeFi): Borrowing, lending, and trading financial instruments
without traditional banks or intermediaries.
Decentralized applications (dApps): Applications that run on a blockchain network,
giving users full control over their data and interactions.
Non-fungible tokens (NFTs): Unique digital assets representing ownership of virtual or
real-world items, like art, music, or collectibles.
Decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs): Community-owned and governed
organizations without a central leadership hierarchy.
Benefits of a Decentralized Web
User control and ownership: Users control their data and online experiences, breaking
free from the clutches of tech giants.
Accessibility: Blockchain technology provides an open for all to see or transparent and immutable record of transactions, fostering trust and accountability.
Censorship resistance: Decentralized platforms are resistant to censorship and
manipulation, protecting freedom of speech and expression.
Greater access and inclusivity: Web3 opens up access to financial services and digital
ownership for underbanked and marginalized communities.
Challenges and the Road Ahead
Scalability: Ethereum’s network can become congested during periods of high traffic,
leading to high fees & slower transaction times.
User experience: Interacting with dApps and Web3 platforms can be complex for non-
Regulation: The regulatory landscape surrounding cryptocurrencies and blockchain
technology is still evolving, creating uncertainty for businesses and users.
Despite these challenges, the Web3 movement is gaining momentum, attracting
talented developers, entrepreneurs, and investors. As the technology matures and user
experience improves, Web3 has the potential to reshape the internet, empowering
users and ushering in a new era of online freedom and collaboration.