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Unlocking success strategies: Navigating Nigeria’s tax challenges dynamically

Unlocking success strategies: Navigating Nigeria’s tax challenges dynamically


In the dynamic landscape of Nigerian business, navigating taxation complexities remains a formidable challenge for enterprises. With frequent regulatory changes, diverse tax authorities, and intricate procedures, ensuring compliance proves daunting.

The ambiguity of tax policies coupled with inconsistent enforcement inhibits investment, leaving companies grappling with their obligations and facing penalties.

To surmount these hurdles, businesses must prioritise professional tax guidance, meticulous record-keeping, and active engagement with governmental bodies to champion transparent and stable tax frameworks.

Read also: Achimugu faces tax scrutiny from FCT Revenue Service after Grenada birthday bash

Regulatory Compliance Challenges Across Sectors

Regulatory compliance in Nigeria is not only a concern but a significant operational challenge for businesses across various sectors. Take, for instance, the telecommunications industry, where companies must adhere to regulations set by the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) regarding spectrum licensing, data protection, and consumer rights.

Simultaneously, the banking sector faces stringent regulations from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) concerning capital adequacy ratios, anti-money laundering protocols, and customer due diligence. This diverse regulatory landscape often results in compliance burdens for conglomerates operating across telecommunications, banking, and other sectors, leading to increased costs and administrative complexities.

Case Studies

MTN Nigeria, one of the leading telecommunications companies, encountered regulatory compliance challenges when the Nigerian government imposed a hefty fine of $5.2 billion in 2015 for failure to disconnect unregistered SIM cards, citing security concerns. This incident not only highlighted the complexities of compliance but also underscored the potential financial implications of regulatory non-compliance.

 To surmount these hurdles, businesses must prioritise professional tax guidance, meticulous record-keeping, and active engagement with governmental bodies to champion transparent and stable tax frameworks.

Similarly, in the banking sector, Access Bank, one of Nigeria’s largest banks, faced challenges in complying with the CBN’s directive on increasing the minimum capital requirements for banks. Meeting these requirements necessitated significant financial investments and restructuring efforts, impacting the bank’s profitability and operational efficiency in the short term.

Regulatory Bureaucracy and Compliance Challenges

Moreover, bureaucratic processes exacerbate compliance challenges, as illustrated by the experiences of manufacturing companies seeking permits from agencies like the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) or the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON) for product registration and quality assurance. Delays in obtaining approvals can impede product launches and market access, thereby affecting revenue streams and market competitiveness.

Read also: Oyo widens tax base, sensitises traders, artisans on new law

Strategies for Mitigating Compliance Challenges

To mitigate these challenges, companies must proactively invest in robust compliance frameworks tailored to their specific sectors. For instance, multinational corporations like Dangote Group have established dedicated compliance departments tasked with monitoring regulatory changes, ensuring adherence to standards, and implementing internal controls to mitigate compliance risks. Engaging legal experts specialising in regulatory compliance is another crucial strategy adopted by companies to navigate the intricate regulatory landscape.

Advocacy and Collaboration for Regulatory Reforms

Furthermore, active participation in industry associations provides businesses with a platform to collectively advocate for regulatory reforms aimed at streamlining processes and reducing compliance burdens. For instance, the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN) engages with policymakers to propose reforms that enhance the ease of doing business and promote industry-specific interests.

Addressing Conflict of Interests

In the dynamic landscape of Nigeria’s business sphere, the issue of conflict of interests persists, casting shadows over ethical standards and transparency. Instances of individuals exploiting their positions for personal gain breed unfair competition, corruption, and erode trust, posing significant hurdles to businesses and economic stability. To combat this menace, businesses must place a premium on ethical behaviour, instil robust corporate governance practices, and champion transparency in all dealings. Collaborative efforts with regulatory bodies and industry associations are imperative in fostering accountability and ensuring a level playing field for all stakeholders.

Read also: Winding up? All you need to know about law and tax


As Nigeria charts its course of growth and development, I believe that businesses encounter a myriad of obstacles necessitating proactive and strategic approaches. Addressing the intricacies of taxation, navigating complex regulatory landscapes, and confronting conflicts of interest stand out as pivotal challenges. However, by investing in specialised counsel, implementing comprehensive compliance structures, and steadfastly upholding ethical norms, businesses can fortify their positions and thrive amidst adversities.


Mr Michael Ariyibi is a chartered accountant and a seasoned Tax Practitioner specialising in Tax Audit. He is also a senior lecturer with Password Professional Limited, where he lectures Economics, Public Sector Accounting and Finance (PSAF), and Taxation.