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Harnessing advanced technology to combat Nigeria’s security challenges

Experts advocate integrated ICT broadband for effective security in Nigeria

By Oladipupo Dopamu

Over the years, Nigeria has continued to grapple with a myriad of security challenges, including terrorism, kidnapping, insurgency, and organised crimes. With recent events in the country, it has become increasingly evident that relying on conventional methods alone is grossly inadequate to effectively tackle these complex security threats. Thus, there’s an urgent need to adopt advanced technological solutions to bolster the country’s security apparatus and deal decisively with these security threats.

Read also: Tinubu can’t tackle insecurity without checking economic challenges, hardship – Owokoniran

Surveillance systems

One key aspect where advanced technology can make a significant impact is through surveillance systems. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) equipped with advanced cameras and thermal imaging technology provide real-time surveillance of vulnerable areas, enabling security agencies to detect and deter criminal activities. Additionally, satellite imagery offers valuable insights into the movements and actions of terrorist groups and criminal organisations, aiding in proactive response measures.

Data analytics

The abundance of data in today’s digital age presents an opportunity for security agencies to leverage advanced data analytics techniques to combat crimes. Machine learning and predictive modeling can help detect patterns and trends indicative of potential security threats, enabling authorities to take preemptive action. By analysing historical crime data, law enforcement agencies can identify high-risk areas and allocate resources more effectively to prevent criminal activities.

Secure communication networks

Effective communication and coordination are paramount in responding to security incidents swiftly and decisively. Robust encryption protocols ensure the confidentiality and security of sensitive information, facilitating seamless collaboration among security agencies. Secure communication networks play a vital role in coordinating responses to crises such as armed attacks or hostage situations, enabling efficient deployment of resources and swift resolution.

Drone surveillance and monitoring

Drones equipped with advanced cameras and sensors offer up-to-date situational awareness in remote or inaccessible regions. These drones can be deployed for various tasks, including border patrol, criminal activity tracking, and aerial observations in high-risk areas. In combating crimes like kidnapping and robbery, drones provide valuable intelligence to law enforcement agencies, enabling proactive intervention and prevention.

Mobile applications for citizen reporting

Engaging the community in crime prevention efforts is crucial for enhancing public safety. Mobile applications that allow citizens to report emergencies or suspicious activities directly to security operatives can significantly improve response times and foster community involvement. These apps, equipped with features like GPS tracking and anonymous reporting will empower citizens to play an active role in preventing crimes and maintaining security in their neighborhoods.

Blockchain technology

Blockchain technology offers a tamper-proof and transparent framework for record-keeping, enhancing accountability and trust within the criminal justice system. By maintaining immutable records of arrests, evidence, and court proceedings, blockchain mitigates the risk of corruption and ensures the integrity of legal processes. It facilitates seamless collaboration between law enforcement agencies, safeguarding data integrity while upholding the rule of law.

From the foregoing, it is glaring that the adoption of advanced technology holds immense promise for comprehensively addressing Nigeria’s security challenges. Without doubt, embracing innovation and leveraging technological advancements, alongside effective governance, consistent capacity building for security personnel, and a commitment to upholding civil liberties, will strengthen the nation’s security infrastructure.

Dopamu, a cybersecurity expert, IT Security researcher and CEO of Dplus Unique Technology LLC, a USA-based security company, writes from Chicago, USA.