• Tuesday, June 18, 2024
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$10 bn needed yearly for 10 years to revive Nigeria’s power sector – Adelabu

FG pushes national power policy for legislative approval

Adebayo Adelabu, the minister of power has said that Nigeria would require at least $10 billion every year for the next 10 years to revive the power sector, a critical aspect to drive the country’s economy.

Adelabu said this when he appeared before the Senate Committee on Power for an investigative hearing on electricity tariff hike on Monday in Abuja.

Adelabu, while describing as shameful the state of Nigeria’s  “underperforming” power sector with only 4000 Mega Watts generated for decades, pointed out that the government cannot provide the needed funds, hence the need to make the sector attractive to investors and bank lenders.

“For this sector to be revived, the government needs to spend nothing less than 10 billion dollars every year for 10 years, because of the infrastructure requirements for stability in the sector, but the government cannot afford to do that, it must make the sector attractive to investors and to lenders. The business must be attractive, there must be commercial pricing”, he said.

He noted that the $2.9 required sum for subsidy is only a paltry sum. He noted that the tariff hike for band A customers will generate about N1.15  trillion,  which still leaves the government with about N1.7 trillion to cover the subsidy shortfall, as only N450 billion was provided in the budget for 2024.

The minister emphasized that the hike in tariff was crucial especially as government was not paying the required subsidy for the sector, but said it was only the beginning of reforms needed in the sector.

The Nigeria Electricity Regulatory Commission in early April raised electricity tariffs for customers enjoying at least 20 hours of power supply daily, categorised as Band A. The increase saw customers paying N225 kilowatt per hour from N66, a development that has been heavily criticised by many Nigerians.

“Investors will not come if the tariff is still at N66 the and government is not paying subsidy, they will not come, but now that tariff for band A has been increased, interest is being shown”, Adelabu said, but noted that raising tariff is not enough to address the liquidity gap which he identified as one of the biggest factor responsible for the power sector crisis.

He stressed the need for the government to pay off the indebtedness of  N1.3tn to generating companies and 1.3 billion dollars owed to gas companies.

The minister stressed the need to resolve the liquidity crisis, develop infrastructure, revive all generating companies, encourage private generating companies and invest in hydroelectric power as well as diversify to renewable energy.

The minister also mentioned plans to unbundle DISCOs along state lines and introduce franchising. “If there some areas discos don’t want to invest, we can get an interested investor “, he said.

According to him, if all these are done, there will be impact on the sector within the next 24- 28 months.

Adelabu further informed that the government is working on increasing the electricity generation from 4,000 megawatts to 6,000 megawatts by the end of 2024.
He also said the government is working on improving power distribution and addressing the inequitable access to power such that all consumers in the sector will eventually be in band A, enjoying up to 20 hours of electricity.

Eyinnaya Abaribe, Chairman of the Committee and other members of the committee, however, called for a review or reversal of the tariff.

Aliero Adamu,  a member of the Senate committee decried that consultation for the tariff hike was not properly done and described the tariff as unrealistic, and unacceptable.

“There should be a reversal, there is no way we can compete favourably, manufacturers are relocating, we need power too and manufacturing is the way, while power is the key. This increase is counterproductive and should be reversed in the interest of the country” Adamu said.

Sharing similar sentiments,  Segun Ajayi-Kadir the director general of the  Manufacturers Association of Nigeria, who was also present at the investigative hearing decried that the tariff hike will put manufacturers out of business, noting that power constitutes  28- 40% of cost structure.
He therefore demanded a reversal of the tariff.

However, the minister said the tariff was crucial, without which the power sector would be grounded in the next three months.

“The reform is painful but necessary. Without the tariff, the power sector will be grounded in three months. I agree that what we have is painful and hurtful, but the alternative which is doing nothing to the tariff, then I can assure you that the entire sector will be grounded, and he generators will not be able to do anything.

“We need to make progress,  the progress is upward review. We don’t intend to punish Nigerians unnecessarily”, Adelabu said.

insists on tariff hike as lawmakers, manufacturers demand reversal

He, however, noted that the tariff is also influenced by the exchange rate, and if the naira strengthens significantly against the dollar, the tariff will reduce

“The tariff we reviewed to N225 was based on the exchange rate of N1,400, if the exchange rate reduces, and if any other parameter shows positive movement, the tariff will also come down”, he said.