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Nigerian importers kick against surcharge on cargoes by international shipping firms

...Surcharge is economic sabotage, insensitive, says Shippers’ Council

Tension is mounting at the nation’s seaports where importers who are groaning under huge surcharge imposed on them by the international shipping firms on cargoes imported from across the world are threatening fire and brimstone.

The surcharge, according to them, is adding to the high cost of doing business in Nigerian ports, coupled with the challenges of infrastructure deficiency and cumbersome shipping process.

Already, Nigeria Shippers Council said it has rolled up its sleeve to do combat with the shippers.

The importers pointed to one of the foreign shipping firms, Hapag-Lloyd, which in the last nine months has imposed a revised Peak Season Surcharge (PSS) on Tin Can Island and Apapa ports in Lagos. Hapag-Lloyd imposed the PSS on all container types from across the world to Tin Can Island and Apapa ports.

Documents obtained by the media showed that about $1,025 surcharge is slammed on 20ft and 40ft containers on cargoes coming from United States and US territories, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau.

Charges from cargoes from the rest of the world are also pegged at $1,025 or EUR930 accordingly.

The charges are different from the ocean tariff rates as well as bunker-related surcharges, security-related surcharges, terminal handling charges, among others that shore up the cost of shipping in Nigeria.

Having commenced the charges from December 15, 2019, Hapag Lloyd, according to its notice, is imposing the surcharge till further notice.

Critical industries in Nigeria are already groaning under the new charges, lamenting that the high prices are shocking its profits, which have already been crashed by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Hassan Bello, executive secretary and CEO, Nigerian Shippers Council, described the charges as economic sabotage, saying the Council is moving vehemently against the action of the shipping firm.

“We are protesting against it vehemently. There was no notice to us and the shippers that the charge was imminent. From our intelligence these charges are over $1,000. It is discriminatory. It is insensitive. Just when the Nigerian economy is recovering a little bit from the effect of COVID-19, it is insensitive for anybody to slam such charges of over $1,000 on Nigeria’s trade,” Bello said.

“It is discriminatory because it is not happening in Togo, Benin or Ghana, why should it be in Nigeria. We have written a strong letter to the shipping association of Nigeria and we also wrote to their principals overseas, because this is not a local charge.

“Why should Nigeria be the recovery ground for shipping companies? We have three lines of action on the internal level; we are going to call on the Union of Africa’s Shippers’ Council; Global Shippers’ Association and Global Shippers Forum. “On the national level, we are rallying round the organised private sector, I am already in talk with Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI), I will talk to Manufacturers Association of Nigeria, as well as big time shippers like Dangote and Nigerian Breweries among others.

“We should all come together and fight against this unnecessary charges. The charges are unilateral and arbitral and we are going to protest against it because it is economic sabotage. It goes deep into Nigeria’s economy recovery. It is against our resolve to recover from the effect of COVID-19,” he said.

Jonathan Nicol, chairman, Shippers Association Lagos State, bemoaned the shipping costs, expressing the group’s readiness to take it up with appropriate agencies.

Nicol said the surcharge could be linked to congestion at Lagos ports, but it is uncalled for, considering the negative effect of COVID-19.

“We will certainly induce discussions on this with the Shippers Council,” he said.

He stressed the need to review the costs of shipping in Nigeria, noting that “importers hardly make profit” due to excessive charges.

Kingsley Chikezie, president, Importers Association of Nigeria, said the importers are not happy about the additional charges from the shipping firm, even at a time they were complaining about high cost of shipping at the ports.

Chikezie said a lot of things are happening at the ports including the issue of transfer charges, among others, appealing to the authorities to ensure urgent review of the charges.

However, some industrialists who were severely affected by the surcharge burden have urged the Federal Government to institute litigation against the erring shipping firm for operating against the rule of trade facilitation agenda of International Maritime Organisation (IMO) during the pandemic period.

Ogunlade Olabisi, managing director of WellWaters Resources, called on the Federal Competition and Consumer Protection Commission to intervene on the issue.

“I think there is need for the Federal Competition and Consumer Protection to take up legal action against the shipping firm. After all, it is their responsibility to protection consumers in the country,” Olabisi said.

Before now, CMA CGM and Maersk Shipping had earlier slammed surcharge on Nigerian-bound cargoes.

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