• Wednesday, February 28, 2024
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BusinessDay

Mathematical Biologist addresses global health challenges with innovative research

Taiwo Alabi

In the dynamic intersection of mathematics and biology, researcher Taiwo Alabi may not be a widely recognised name, but he is swiftly earning a reputation as a pivotal figure, leveraging his expertise to unravel the intricacies of infectious diseases.

A Ph.D. graduate in mathematics from the University of Tennessee Knoxville, USA, Taiwo is dedicated to tackling global health challenges through his research both at home and abroad.

His recent project delved into the complexities of Tuberculosis (TB) dynamics using a Susceptible-Latent-Infectious-Recovered (SLIR) model. The findings underscored the sensitivity of TB dynamics to critical parameters such as the progression rate, infection rate, recovery rate, natural death rate, and recruitment rate.

This comprehensive analysis revealed the importance of strategic interventions in managing the spread of TB. The mathematical rigor applied in the study provided valuable insights into TB control strategies, aligning with public health objectives and highlighting the significant role of mathematical models in addressing complex epidemiological challenges and managing health crises.

“Understanding these parameters is paramount for developing effective strategies to manage and control the spread of tuberculosis,” Taiwo emphasized.

In another significant stride, Taiwo delved into the dynamics of diphtheria transmission with the project ‘Mathematical Model Analysis of Diphtheria Disease Transmission with Vaccination, Quarantine, Hand-Washing Behaviour, and Cumulative Death Rate Over Time.’

This comprehensive model incorporates factors such as vaccination, quarantine, and hand-washing behaviour, offering actionable insights for public health strategies.

“In our study on diphtheria, we aimed to develop a comprehensive understanding of the disease’s transmission dynamics. Our SEIRQD model revealed the significant impact of public health strategies, including vaccination, quarantine, and hand-washing. The simulations underscore the importance of prompt and efficient responses in controlling outbreaks, reducing infection rates, and ultimately mitigating mortality. This research contributes crucial insights for policymakers and healthcare providers, guiding effective measures to combat and potentially eradicate diphtheria,” Taiwo explained.

In a third research project on schistosomiasis, titled ‘Modelling Schistosomiasis Disease Dynamics,’ the study specifically addressed the populations of miracidia and cercariae, critical in disease transmission. It highlighted the role of eggs released by humans in the spread of schistosomiasis, emphasizing the persistence of the parasite outside the host.

The model tracked human and snail infection prevalence, exploring interactions between susceptible and infected hosts and parasites, and concluded that disease transmission is significantly influenced by ecological factors, suggesting the importance of environmental strategies in controlling schistosomiasis.

Taiwo said: “Our goal is not merely to understand the disease but to provide tangible contributions for the development of effective public health strategies. The model and findings can contribute valuable insights to understanding and managing this disease, aiding the development of public health policies for its control and potential eradication.”

As the world grapples with ongoing health uncertainties, Taiwo Alabi’s research stands as a beacon of innovation, offering valuable insights to inform public health decisions. His work underscores the power of mathematical models in understanding and managing complex epidemiological challenges.