• Thursday, July 18, 2024
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Rights Issue is double-edged sword if many shareholders do not participate– Onukwue

Rights Issue is double-edged sword if many shareholders do not participate– Onukwue

Sam Onukwue, a fellow of Chartered Institute of Stockbrokers (CIS), is the chairman of Association of Securities Dealing Houses of Nigeria (ASHON). He speaks on a range of market development issues, noting that ASHON members have capacity to support banks in order to achieve the new capital base requirements by Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), writes Iheanyi Nwachukwu. Excerpts

Would you encourage investors to take position in the market at the moment?

There is no time that an investor cannot take position in the securities market. Many investors have lost huge amount of money by relying on their own intuition or consulting unqualified investment advisers. Investment in any asset class requires a lot of variables, including an investor’s investment objective, risk tolerance, sources of funds and time horizon, amongst others. Investment is a trade-off of risk and return, whereby an investor aspires to post highest return at the lowest risk.

This is achievable if proper analysis is done by certified investment advisers. ASHON members engage investors for timely investment advice on risk aversion measures.

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What is your advice to investors on risk-aversion measures?

In every risk, there is an opportunity. The same applies to investment. It is all about understanding and deploying appropriate investment strategy. It’s not a game of one-size-fits all.

Contacting a professional investment adviser, especially, a stockbroker, is in itself a risk- aversion measure. Investment professionals profile their clients as a precondition for advice on the appropriate investment opportunities.

There is no asset without risk element. Government bond is a fixed income security, called gilt edged. Although it is classified as risk-free, this seems theoretical as inflation rate and exchange rate can impact returns on this asset class.

How would you describe investor confidence in the Nigerian Capital Market at the moment?

The Nigerian capital market, like other sectors of the economy, has experienced its low and high points in recent time. But it is not an overstatement to say that our market, has bounced back from the shocks that erupted in 2008. There is no doubt that investor confidence is upbeat.

Indigenous shareholders control no less than 87percent at Nigerian Exchange Limited (NGX), while foreign portfolio investors account for 13 percent.

This is a paradigm shift. I must also say that stockbrokers’ role as a catalyst of financial intermediation has been recognised by the Bola Tinubu Administration as leaders shaping Nigeria’s financial system—the Minister of Finance and Coordinating Minister of the Economy, Mr Wale Edun along with Governor of the Central Bank (CBN), Mr Olayemi Cardoso, are seasoned stockbrokers.

We have five securities exchanges in the country now, in contrast to only one and of these are three commodities exchanges. Market regulation has increased significantly and investors have opportunities to buy many financial assets.

Beyond the traditional equities, we have mutual funds, exchange traded funds (ETP), bonds, derivatives and a host of others. Nigeria is today about the leading debt capital market (DCM) in Africa with its thriving fixed income.

Following the directive of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) that banks should recapitalise in the next two years, should we expect an active Primary Market any moment from now?

The primary market has been relatively inactive over the years because of the general lull in the economy. Potential companies that would have floated initial Public Offerings (IPOs) were reluctant for fear of undersubscription.

To worsen the situation, many investors have lost money in the primary market due to failure of companies to list their shares in the secondary market after capital raising in the primary market. However, with the directive on banks’ recapitalization, activities shall bounce back in the primary market.

Read also: Ecobank shareholders laud Group’s strong performance in 2023

How do you see the new rule of Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for private companies that intend to source fund in the Primary Market?

I commend the new management of SEC, under the leadership of Dr Emomotimi Agama for the introduction of the new rules for private companies that apply for fund raising in the primary market.

The new rules could not have come at a better time. The rules outline penalties for non-compliance, including fines starting from N10 million and additional daily penalties.

Private companies must adhere to stringent requirements, such as being duly incorporated and having a minimum of three-year operational track record, with a cap of N15 billion on fundraising within one year. We believe that the punitive rules, if enforced will curtail abuse of capital raising in the primary markets and ensure adequate protection of investors.

What was your immediate reaction to the CBN’s announcement that banks should recapitalise?

I believe that the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has done the right thing if our banks should compete in the global market, including the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).

With the current inflation rate and exchange rate, it has become almost impossible for our banks to operate in line with the global minimum capital threshold without recapitalisation.

Besides, the level of risks which the banks bear today has significantly been exacerbated by the current macro-economic vagaries. I also believe the apex bank is repositioning the banks to be able to finance the envisaged $1 trillion economy in the next 7-8 years.

In the light of the foregoing, I have no doubt that the apex bank is fair enough to base the new share capital on the level of authorisation of each bank. The next thing is for every bank to justify why it should continue to operate in the banking sector.

We must admit that various external and domestic factors have significantly impacted the Nigerian economy, necessitating an increase in minimum capital requirements for banks.

This measure aims to fortify their capital base, enable them to absorb unforeseen losses and sustain their role in fostering growth and development. If Nigeria is determined to attain the $1 trillion economy by 2026, recapitalisation of banks is the way to go.

What are the implications of Right Issue as an option for capital injection by banks?

Yes, Right Issue is one way to give the existing shareholders the privilege of enhancing their shareholdings, before reaching out to outsiders.

It will protect the company from hostile takeover if the shareholders take their rights. But it is a double-edged sword if many do not participate. Although such shareholders can trade their rights, it may open doors for takeover.

Read also: FCMB Group shareholders approve N150bn capital raise to drive future growth plans

What about Public Offer?

Public Offer enables a company to attract new shareholders while it creates an opportunity for the existing shareholders to increase their holdings. In this era of electronic offering, millennials, Gen Z and other categories of young ones may participate if the offer is well-publicised.

This capital raising technique will enable the banks to raise huge amount of money. Public Offer has capacity to enhance a bank’s visibility and boost its reputation. It also ensures transparency and there are disclosures that banks must comply with when seeking approval from the regulatory authorities. This enhances investor confidence because the processes are transparent.

How can the banks attract Millennials, Gen Z and Gen Alpha under the recapitalisation programme?

The gateway to attracting these categories of investors is to deploy digital innovation for convenience. We refer to Millennials, Gen Z, and Gen Alpha as digital natives who prefer seamless online experiences and mobile banking solutions. Every bank invests in user-friendly mobile apps. By this, banks can cater to the tech-savvy preferences of these generations. Deployment of technology was a paradigm shift three years ago, when MTN deployed electronic Initial Public Offering (e-IPO) and it was successful. Fortunately, NGX in its continuous efforts to enhance investors’ access and experience in the market is working on deploying a gateway that will attract this category of tech-savvy investors.

Does the Capital Market in Nigeria have capacity to absorb banks’ offer to raise against huge amount?

I believe the answer is in the affirmative. Absorptive capacity has to do with possibility that a quantum of money can be raised from the market. This is about investor appetite for the company’s shares, Investors buy into the future of a company. The current performance of a company is historical.

By virtue of their services, banks occupy a very key position in every economy. They provide efficient payment system and enable individuals and corporate entities to transact businesses.

Investors are comfortable with a bank that operates professionally, has a track record of corporate governance, trajectory of profitability and shareholder value through regular payment of dividend and capital appreciation of its shares in the secondary market amongst others.

Investors also need advice of stockbrokers on the banks that can meet their investment objectives and risk tolerance. These are some of the basic factors that can attract investor patronage of a company’s shares. The current financial performance of many quoted banks on NGX is encouraging. Investors will not hesitate to invest in the shares of a company that has strong fundamentals. Share prices of many quoted banks on NGX are undervalued, hence high net worth investors are out there to increase their portfolios with bank shares.

What is the main focus of ASHON in the current challenging operating environment?

ASHON has always ensured that its members operate professionally, while the Association collaborates with the capital market regulators, operators and investors in the ecosystem.

When the former Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Professor Chukwumah Soludo, announced that banks in Nigeria should have a minimum capital base of N25 billion by the end of 2005, our members served as stockbrokers to the issues, issuing houses, and other areas of fund raising for the banks. Many lessons were learned at the end of the exercise. Our members have capacity to work with banks in various ways to meet the new requirements of recapitalisation.

Read also: CSCS shareholders approve N7.5bn dividend payout

Can adherence to Sustainability Policy attract young ones to a company?

Millennials, Gen Z and the like are highly interested in a company that is associated with environmental sustainability. Such a company offers green investment, places premium on financial literacy and community development as part of its community social responsibility (CSR).

The use of data analytics and Artificial Intelligence (AI) can also encourage young ones to invest in a company.