• Tuesday, July 16, 2024
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BusinessDay

Managing environment-induced change in business

Developing a learning culture at work

For a business to exist depends on certain internal and external factors. These factors are treated as given and business enterprises are expected to operate under a particular set of environmental systems. Each of these factors creates a unique set of challenges and opportunities for businesses.

However, it would be impossible for any business to exist in a vacuum, so, because every business should be strategically located in a physical or virtual space and structured to allow for maximum profit as its environment determines, it is highly important to seek to understand the power of business environments and how they can affect your business.

 From a business perspective, it is a small world, and it’s only getting smaller. Free trade among nations has allowed goods and services to flow across international borders more efficiently and cheaply

The term ‘business environment’ could mean the collective sum of conditions, forces, and influences that affect a business.

According to Professor Keith Davis, an author of the ‘Business and its Environment,’ “Business environment is an aggregate of all conditions, events, and influences that surround and affect it. It is broad and ever-changing as its separate elements interact. A single firm’s environment is narrow in scope than the total environment of the business. It is complicated and continuously changing.”

The internal business environment comprises of factors within the company which impact the success and approach of operations. The most commonly discussed are: finances, organisational structure, operational structure, company culture, human resources, strategic risks, and innovation.

Nonetheless, the external business environment consists of economic, political and legal, demographic, social, competitive, global, and technological sectors or activities.

According to the bank for Canadian entrepreneurs, economic environment refers to all the external economic factors that influence buying habits of consumers and businesses, and therefore affect the performance of a company. These factors are often beyond a company’s control and may be either large-scale (macro) or small-scale (micro), such as: employment/unemployment status, per capita income, etc.

Demographic factors are powerful factors in the business environment and as such are of utmost importance to business owners. Demography is the study of people’s vital statistics, such as their age, gender, race and ethnicity, and location. Demographics help companies define the markets for their products and also determine the size and composition of their workforce. The demographic environment includes such factors as age distributions, births, deaths, immigration, marital status, gender, education, religious affiliations, and geographic dispersion —characteristics that are often used for segmentation purposes.

The political climate of a country is another critical factor for managers to consider in day-to-day business operations. The amount of government activity, the types of laws it passes, and the general political stability of a government are three components of the political climate.

How do businesses stay competitive and still maintain a level of profitability that allows them to be successful? The competitive environment has intensified with the development of new technologies, the opening up of foreign markets, and the rise of consumer expectations.

The application of technology can stimulate growth under capitalism or any other economic system. In this context, technology is the application of science and engineering skills and knowledge to solve production and organisational problems.

New equipment and software that improve productivity and reduce costs can be among a company’s most valuable assets. Productivity is the number of goods and services one worker can produce.

Your ability as an organisation to maintain and build wealth depends in large part on the speed and effectiveness with which you use technology to invent and adapt more efficient equipment to improve production productivity, to develop new products, and process information and make it instantly available across the organisation and to suppliers and customers.

On social factors – our attitudes, values, ethics, and lifestyles – influence what, how, where, and when people purchase products or services. They are difficult to predict, define, and measure because they can be very subjective. They also change as people move through different life stages.

People of all ages have a broader range of interests, defying traditional consumer profiles. They also experience a “poverty of time” and seek ways to gain more control over their time.

Changing roles have brought more women into the workforce. This development is increasing family incomes, heightening demand for time-saving goods and services, changing family shopping patterns, and impacting individuals’ ability to achieve a work-life balance.

Global environment

From a business perspective, it is a small world, and it’s only getting smaller. Free trade among nations has allowed goods and services to flow across international borders more efficiently and cheaply.

Formal trade agreements among nations have forged unprecedented links and interdependencies among economies. Look at the items on your desk and you may see items from China, Mexico, Canada, or Japan, etc.

Frankly, only organisations that can adapt faster to change will survive in the ever-changing world as change is the only constant thing in life.