• Thursday, May 23, 2024
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NUPRC sets new template for domestic crude oil supply

Nigeria plans crude oil trading on Lagos exchange for first time to open access to funding for industry

The Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC) has established a new template for the supply of crude oil in Nigeria. The development is to boost the activities of local refineries as well as ensure the availability of petroleum products.

Gbenga Komolafe, the CEO of NUPRC, who disclosed this during a press briefing in Abuja on Monday, said the move was in alignment with Nigeria’s commitment to bolster its domestic refining capacity and ensure the sustainability of its oil industry.

He explained that as of January 1, 2024, Nigeria’s crude oil and condensate reserves were at 31.56 billion barrels and 5.94 billion barrels respectively, amounting to a total of 37.50 billion barrels while the Associated Gas and Non-Associated Gas reserves were at 102.59 trillion cubic feet (TCF) and 106.67 TCF respectively, resulting in total gas reserves of 209.26 TCF.

“The Reserves Life Index is 68.01 years and 97.99 years for oil and gas respectively, positive gross addition to oil and gas reserves of 1.087 billion barrels and 2.573 trillion cubic feet respectively were recorded.”

He explained that in compliance with the provisions of Section 109(2) of the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA), 2021, the commission has developed a template guiding the activities for domestic crude oil supply obligation (DCSO).

As contained in the template, among the procedures for implementation of domestic crude oil supply obligations, is the supply of crude oil requirements of refineries in operation to the commission, adding that where shortages or inadequate supply conditions occur, it must be reported accordingly.

It also indicated that the payment shall be in either US dollar or naira, or both, adding that where the payment is in both currencies, the payment split shall be as agreed in the SPA between the producer and the refiner.

The template indicated that “crude oil produced by a lessee shall be subject to DCSO imposed by the commission, provided that the lessee shall be entitled to export any volume of crude oil more than its domestic crude oil supply obligation. The commission shall publish on its official website and in three national newspapers the domestic crude refining requirements of operating refineries in Nigeria based on information provided to the commission by the NMDPRA on the crude oil requirements of refineries in operation in Nigeria pursuant to section 109 (3) of the PIA 2021.

“Where a refinery is not successful at independently sourcing crude oil supply from lessees based on available information, the refinery’s crude preferences should be sent to the commission before the 15th business day of the third month.

“All DCSO allocated cargoes must be discharged into the refinery facility they are programmed for and shall not be diverted or swapped; utilisation of any DCSO allocation by any refiner for any purpose other than domestic processing, without written approval by the commission shall attract suspension from DCSO allocation for a period determined by the commission in addition to any other administrative penalty that may be imposed by the commission.

“In the occurrence of a default in payment by the refiner, the commission shall not allocate DCSO to the defaulter for a period to be determined by the commission in addition to the penalty contained in the sales agreement between the refiner and the lessee.

“In the event of failure to lift within the scheduled laycan (or delivery window) by the refiner, resulting in a tank top/production curtailment, the defaulting refiner shall be suspended by the commission from receiving DCSO allocation for a period of time to be determined by the commission; and will be liable to pay a fine equivalent to the delayed royalty from the deferred volume in addition to other failures, to lift penalties.”