• Tuesday, May 21, 2024
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CBN to sanction IMTOs for breach of exchange rate pricing

Again, Customs slashes FX duty rate to N1,238/$

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has said it will sanction the International Monetary Transfer Operators (IMTOs) for breaching of foreign exchange (FX) rate pricing.

The sanctions listed by the CBN include being compelled to sell their proceeds to the Central Bank of Nigeria, suspension from operations and loss of operating license.

This was contained in a circular to all IMTOs dated September 13, 2023 and signed by W.J Kanya, for the director trade and exchange department of the CBN.

On August 9, 2023, the CBN issued guidelines to the IMTOs and a circular enumerating terms and conditions, including payment mode, pricing, and rate quote, that must be complied with while providing International Money Transfer Services.

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According to the new guideline, the spread on buying and selling by BDC operators shall be within an allowable limit of -2.5 percent to +2.5 percent of the Nigerian foreign exchange market window weighted average rate of the previous day.

The CBN said in the course of its routine checks it was observed that some IMTOs were operating and acting in breach of the circular.

The actions of the IMTOs included arbitrary rate quotes outside of permissible range and other sharp practices, in violation of extant regulations.

Read also: Explainer: Should CBN regulate banks’ FX gains?

“For the avoidance of doubt, International Money Transfer Operators are required to quote rate within the allowable limit of 2.5 percent to +2.5 percent around the previous day’s closing rate of the Nigerian Foreign Exchange Market for their transactions.

“Going forward, any IMTO in breach of this specific regulation would face sanctions, including but not limited to being compelled to sell their proceeds to the Central Bank of Nigeria, suspension from operations and loss of operating license, ” the circular reads.