• Saturday, June 22, 2024
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Sub-Saharan Africa scores lowest in World Bank’s global human capital index

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Sub-Saharan Africa SSA scores the lowest of all the world’s regions on the World Bank’s Human Capital Index, which is a measurement of how well countries invest in the next generation of workers.

The score is explained by high mortality and stunting rates in the region, as well as inadequate student learning outcomes – all of which have a direct effect on economic productivity.

In an effort to help countries turn these indicators around, the World Bank’s Africa Human Capital Plan is setting ambitious targets to be achieved in the region by 2023.

Consequently, the Bank on Thursday unveiled a new plan to help African countries strengthen their human capital. The objective is to enable Africa’s young people to grow up with optimal health and equipped with the right skills to compete in the digitizing global economy.

The new plan unveiled at the ongoing Spring meetings of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank in Washington DC targets a drastic reduction in child mortality to save 4 million lives, averting stunting among 11 million children, and increasing learning outcomes for girls and boys in school by 20%.

The World Bank is optimistic that these  achievements can raise Africa’s Human Capital Index score upwards to increase the productivity of future workers by 13%.

“Preventing a child from fulfilling his or her potential is not only fundamentally unjust, but it also limits the growth potential of economies whose future workers are held back. GDP per worker in Sub-Saharan Africa could be 2.5 times higher if everyone were healthy and enjoyed a good education from pre-school to secondary school,” World Bank Vice President for Africa Hafez Ghanem said the launch of the Bank’s Plan during the Spring Meetings.

The Plan also aims at empowering women to prevent early marriage and pregnancy for adolescent girls.   “The adolescent fertility rate in Sub-Saharan Africa is 102 births per 1,000 girls—three times as high as in South Asia. This not only damaging for girls and their children, but it also hurts economic growth,” Ghanem noted.

The World Bank further announced that it would increase its investments in human capital in Africa by 50% in the next funding cycle.

This includes new World Bank grants and concessional finance for human capital projects in Africa totaling $15 billion in fiscal years 2021-2023.

The Bank intends to invest these funds strategically to unblock structural constraints to human capital development and would also target game changing interventions that leverage technology and innovation to prevent and reverse damage to human capital in fragile and conflict-affected settings.

The World Bank also said it is already supporting countries to come up with new strategies to invest more and better in their people.

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Twenty-three African countries, covering over 60% of the region’s population, have joined a coalition of nearly 60 countries to join the Human Capital Project, committing to a set of accelerated investments in their human capital.

“Human Capital Project countries are breaking away from traditional paradigms to make investment in their people a priority and are working in a more coordinated way across government to ensure that households have the right enabling environment to support human capital formation,” Annette Dixon, World Bank Vice President for Human Development, said.

Onyinye Nwachukwu & Hope Ashike, Washington DC