• Thursday, June 13, 2024
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Renewables can deliver 60% of Nigeria’s Energy demand by 2050– Report

Renewables can deliver 60% of Nigeria’s Energy demand by 2050– Report

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), in a new report, has revealed that investment in renewables can provide nearly 60 per cent of Nigeria’s energy demand by 2050.

The report shows that investment in renewables is cost-effective, delivering economic growth and jobs, while achieving global climate and sustainable development objectives.

It added that renewable energy sources will enable up to 40 percent savings in natural gas and 65 percent in oil needs at the same time.

“With a growing population and a range of socio-economic challenges, Nigeria requires sustainable energy sources to meet the growing needs for all the sectors of its economy and achieve universal access to modern energy services,” the report, titled ‘Renewable Energy Roadmap Nigeria’ explained.

“By using its abundant, untapped renewables, Nigeria can provide sustainable energy for all its citizens in a cost-effective manner,” said IRENA’s Director-General Francesco La Camera. “Nigeria has a unique opportunity to develop a sustainable energy system based on renewables that support socioeconomic recovery and development, while addressing climate challenges and accomplishing energy security.”

In IRENA’s report, Nigeria’s Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation, Adeleke Mamora, said the highly distributed institutional structure of the energy sector in Nigeria means that coordination of policies will be essential to unlocking integrated energy transition planning and ensuring its success.

He said a cross-cutting agency or body tasked with doing so would be helpful in building consensus and developing a coherent plan which in turn would allow for the scaling up of renewable energy to meet the needs across the Nigerian energy sector.

The share of primary energy requirements met with renewable energy can reach 47 percent by 2030 and 57 percent by 2050, according to IRENA’s report.

Read also: Low carbon investment to hit $620 billion in 2023- Rystad Energy

Electrification will play a significant role in achieving higher renewable energy shares with electricity in final energy use nearly doubling by 2050.

According to the international agency, investment in renewables will be more cost-effective than the conventional pathway.

It said the study presents how an increased renewable uptake scenario, named the Transforming Energy Scenario (TES), sees future capacity expansion of Nigeria’s electricity supply system provided largely by renewables, which reduces primary energy requirements (because most of the renewables deployed are more efficiently converted to useful energy than fossil fuels) and greenhouse gas emissions in tandem with increased electrification compared with the Planned Energy Scenario (PES), which represents what would occur under current and planned policies.

The TES has lower investment costs than the PES — $1.22 trillion compared with $1.24 trillion (2010 estimates), while delivering the same energy service. In terms of average annual investment values, this corresponds to $35 billion per year compared with $36 billion per year.

Advancing the energy transition requires a shift and scaling-up of investments in the short-term to avoid locked in fossil fuel infrastructure investments with long lifetimes such as natural gas pipelines. In 2050, significantly less use of natural gas and oil compared to planned policies has profound implications for infrastructure investment in fossil fuels, increasing the risk of stranded assets.

Among the report’s recommendations are that policies for the accelerated deployment of renewables are needed to unlock the report’s benefits. Policy coordination is also essential to unlocking successful integrated energy transition planning in Nigeria.

“This assessment is timely, given the Government of Nigeria’s commitment to reducing its greenhouse gases by 20percent unconditionally and 47 percent conditionally by 2030, as well as to reach net-zero emissions by 2060, as expressed by at COP26 in Glasgow in 2021,” said Mamora.