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Top 10 countries with largest gold reserves

Top 10 countries with largest gold reserves

Gold reserves are essential for upholding a nation’s economic stability, and acting as a reliable store of value, particularly during periods of financial turbulence. The adoption of the gold standard, prevalent in the late 1800s and a significant portion of the 1900s, entailed countries linking the value of their paper currency to gold.

This was achieved by establishing a fixed exchange rate between their currency and a specific amount of gold. Although officially discarded in the 1970s, numerous nations continue to uphold gold reserves, and the current surge in economic uncertainty has led to an increased demand for these reserves.

The importance of gold reserves persists in shaping a country’s creditworthiness and overall economic standing, enduring despite shifts in the contemporary economic environment.

Here are the current rankings of gold reserves by country in Q3, 2023, estimated by the World Gold Council:

United States of America

Topping the list is the United States, with an impressive gold reserve of 8,133.46 tonnes, valued at $489,133.74 million. The U.S. has historically maintained substantial gold holdings, a testament to its economic prowess and financial stability.


Germany secures the second spot with 3,352.65 tonnes of gold, valued at $201,623.07 million. The German government places a high value on gold as a safeguard against economic uncertainties.


Italy holds the third position with a gold reserve of 2,451.84 tonnes, amounting to $147,449.64 million. Italy’s substantial gold holdings are indicative of its commitment to financial stability and confidence in the global economic system.


With 2,436.88 tonnes of gold valued at $146,551.80 million, France ranks fourth in the world. France’s gold reserves have historical significance, and like other European nations, they play a role in stabilizing the Euro and ensuring the country’s economic resilience.

Russian Federation

The Russian Federation secures the fifth spot with a gold reserve of 2,332.74 tonnes, valued at $140,287.50 million. Russia’s focus on increasing its gold reserves aligns with its strategy to diversify its international reserves and reduce dependence on other currencies.


China ranks sixth with 2,191.53 tonnes of gold, equivalent to $131,795.43 million. China’s increasing gold reserves reflect its efforts to diversify its foreign exchange reserves and strengthen the renminbi’s international standing.


Switzerland holds the seventh position with a gold reserve of 1,040.00 tonnes, valued at $62,543.91 million. Switzerland’s well-known commitment to financial stability is illustrated by its significant gold holdings, serving as a foundation for the Swiss Franc and maintaining confidence in its banking system.


Japan secures the eighth spot with 845.97 tonnes of gold, valued at $50,875.51 million. While Japan’s gold reserves are relatively modest compared to other nations, they contribute to the stability of the Japanese Yen and act as a safeguard against economic uncertainties.


With 800.78 tonnes of gold valued at $48,157.71 million, India ranks ninth in the world. India’s gold reserves have both cultural and economic significance, and the country continues to emphasize the importance of gold as a store of value and a means of diversifying its reserves.


Closing the top 10 list is the Netherlands, with a gold reserve of 612.45 tonnes, amounting to $36,832.02 million. The Dutch government maintains these reserves to bolster confidence in the Euro and ensure the stability of its financial system.