• Sunday, July 21, 2024
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Nigerians unspared as healthcare cost impoverishes millions globally

Kano leads in ongoing childbirth registration in Nigeria — NPC

More woes lie ahead for vulnerable Nigerians as new evidence compiled by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the World Bank shows that the COVID-19 pandemic could worsen the situation of over half a billion already wallowing in extreme poverty globally.

With the pandemic halting two decades of global progress towards Universal Health Coverage, the organisations reveal that out-of-pockets expenditure on health services further pushed many into extreme poverty and that the pandemic is likely to make the situation worse.

About 83 million Nigerians or 40 percent of Nigeria’s population live below the poverty line of N137,430 ($381.75) yearly, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) stated in a 2019 Poverty and Inequality in Nigeria report.

According to the World Bank’s latest Nigeria Development Update report, inflation pushed 8 million Nigerians into poverty between 2020 and 2021, as of November 2021. This is an increase from 7 million reported in June 2021.

The findings are contained in two complementary reports, launched on Universal Health Coverage Day, highlighting the devastating impact of COVID-19 on people’s ability to obtain health care and pay for it.

In 2020, the pandemic disrupted health services and stretched countries’ health systems beyond their limits as they struggled to deal with the impact of COVID-19. As a result, for example, immunisation coverage dropped for the first time in 10 years, and deaths from TB and malaria increased.

Read also: Tackling energy poverty in Nigeria

The pandemic also triggered the worst economic crisis since the 1930s, making it increasingly difficult for people to pay for care. Even before the pandemic, half a billion people were being pushed (or pushed still further) into extreme poverty because of payments they made for health care. The organisations expect that number is now considerably higher.

“There is no time to spare,” said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO director-general, in the report released Monday, saying, “All governments must immediately resume and accelerate efforts to ensure every one of their citizens can access health services without fear of the financial consequences. This means strengthening public spending on health and social support, and increasing their focus on primary health care systems that can provide essential care close to home.

“Prior to the pandemic, many countries had made progress. But it was not robust enough. This time we must build health systems that are strong enough to withstand shocks, such as the next pandemic and stay on course towards universal health coverage.”

The new WHO/World Bank reports also warn that financial hardship is likely to become more intense as poverty grows, incomes fall, and governments face tighter fiscal constraints.

“Even before the COVID-19 pandemic struck, almost 1 billion people were spending more than 10 percent of their household budget on health,” said Juan Pablo Uribe, global director for health, Nutrition and Population, World Bank. “This is not acceptable, especially since the poorest people are hit hardest. Within a constrained fiscal space, governments will have to make tough choices to protect and increase health budgets,” he said.

In the first two decades of this century, many governments had made progress on service coverage. In 2019, prior to the pandemic, 68 percent of the world’s population was covered by essential health services, such as pre-and post-natal care and reproductive health services; immunisation services; treatment for diseases like HIV, TB and malaria, and services to diagnose and treat non-communicable diseases like cancer, heart conditions and diabetes.

But they had not made such advances in ensuring affordability. As a result, the poorest groups and those living in rural areas are the least able to obtain health services, and the least likely to be able to cope with the consequences of paying for them.

Up to 90 percent of all households incurring impoverishing out-of-pocket health spending are already at or below the poverty line – underscoring the need to exempt poor people from out-of-pocket health spending, backing such measures with health financing policies that enable good intentions to be realised in practice.

Besides the prioritising of services for poor and vulnerable populations, supported through targeted public spending and policies that protect individuals from financial hardship, it will also be crucial to improve the collection, timeliness and disaggregation of data on access, service coverage, out-of-pocket health spending and total expenditure.

Only when countries have an accurate picture of the way that their health system is performing can they effectively target action to improve the way it meets the needs of all people, WHO said.